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The intense military rivalry between the United States and the USSR created the impetus for rapid technological advances. Despite never being technically at war, the Cold War constantly pressured each side to create newer, more advanced weaponry at a scale approaching wartime progress.

1分11选5_[官网首页]美国和苏联之间激烈的军事竞争,为快速的技术进步创造了动力。尽管严格来讲,两国从未处于战争状态过,但冷战不断给双方造成压力,要求它们以接近战争的规模制造更新、更先进的武器。

The most lethal weapons designed and fielded by both countries were thankfully never used in combat. On the other hand, some of the lowest-tech weapons were widely used. This article will discuss both the lethal weapons used by both sides, both in theory and reality.

值得庆幸的是,两国设计和部署的破坏性极大的武器,从未用于战争中过。而一些技术含量最低的武器,则被广泛使用。本文将从理论和现实两个方面探讨双方使用的致命武器。

The AK-47
In real terms, the assault rifles of both countries were probably the most the most lethal weapons fielded by both sides. Given away to client states in the millions, the Soviet unx’s AK-47 and the American M-16 killed more people than the nuclear weapons owned by either side.

AK-47
实际上,两国的突击步枪可能是双方部署的最致命的武器。苏联的AK-47和美国的M-16型步枪,供应给客户的数量都是数以百万级,造成的死亡人数比双方拥有的核武器(造成的)还多。

The AK-47, according to legend, was developed by tanker turned small arms developer Mikhail Kalashnikov as he recovered from his World War II injuries. The so-called “assault rifle” was built to fire the less powerful 7.62-by-39-millimeter from a compact, fully automatic design.

AK-47,据说是由坦克手转型的轻武器设计师-----卡拉什尼科夫,在二战伤势康复后研制的,这种所谓的“突击步枪”,是为了发射威力较小的7.62×39mm的小型威力枪弹而进行的紧凑全自动设计。

On Kalashnikov’s death in 2013, Russian state media announced that up to 100 million Kalashnikovs had been built since the gun’s introduction in 1947, seeing service in South America, Asia, Africa, and Europe.

1分11选5_[官网首页]2013年卡拉什尼科夫去世后,俄罗斯官方媒体宣布,自1947年引进以来,已经建造了多达1亿支卡拉什尼科夫系列枪支,在南美洲、亚洲、非洲和欧洲,这种枪支都有服役。

T-55 Tank
The most exported tank of the Cold War, the Soviet T-55 is also one of the most recognizable. Introduced shortly after the end of World War II, the T-55 replaced the venerable T-34 tank as the mainstay of the Soviet armor corps.

T-55坦克
作为冷战时期出口量最大的坦克之一,苏联的T-55也是最为知名的坦克之一。二战结束后不久,T55取代了功勋坦克T34,成为苏联装甲部队的中流砥柱。

The T-55 has served in numerous high-intensity conflicts, particularly the Arab-Israeli wars from 1967 to 1982. It was also used by the North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnamese forces and carried the victorious communist flag into Saigon in 1975.

T-55在很多高强度战争中现身,特别是1967年至1982年的阿以战争。它还被北越军队用来对抗南越军队,并于1975年将胜利的GC主义旗帜带入西贡。

The T-55 still thrives today, thanks to its virtues as a reliable tank with decent firepower. It thrives in low antiarmor threat environments where other tanks are not expected and provides infantry fire support.

由于T-55坦克性能可靠,火力相当强大,即使在今天,它仍然非常流行。在反装甲威胁不大的地方,T55非常流行,在那些地区,其他坦克只是奢求,而T55可以提供步兵火力支援。

F-4 Phantom II
The Joint Strike Fighter of its time, the F-4 Phantom II was a single airplane designed to serve both the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Navy. A large, two-seat, twin engine airplane, the F-4 was designed for night and bad weather operations. It was also designed with a prodigious number of hard points for carrying weapons and fuel, giving it both firepower and range. The aircraft could carry a total of sixteen thousand pounds of fuel, bombs and missiles.

F-4II鬼怪战斗机
作为当时的联合攻击战斗机,F-4战斗机,是一架为美国空军和海军服务的飞机,它是一种大型双座双引擎飞机,专为夜间和恶劣天气作业而设计。F-4设计有很多的挂载点,用来携带武器和燃料,使其火力足够、射程又远,这架飞机总共可以携带一万六千磅的燃料、炸弹和导弹。

Designed and manufactured by McDonnell Douglas, the F-4 was used extensively by both services in the Vietnam War as an air superiority fighter, ground attack jet, and tactical bomber. It was also used by Israel and Iran in combat in the Middle East.

F4战斗机由麦克唐纳·道格拉斯公司设计和制造,在越南战争中,被美国海军和空军广泛用作空优战斗机、地面攻击机和战术轰炸机,它也被以色列和伊朗用于中东的战争。
【译注:1979前,伊朗是美国在中东地区的主要盟友,装备有F4战斗机,至今仍然是伊朗空军的主力战斗机。】

The F-4 was purchased by America’s most vital allies, including the United Kingdom, West Germany, Israel, Australia, Turkey, Greece, Spain, Egypt and South Korea—and still serves with the Japan Air Self Defense Force. The F-4’s total kill count over its fifty-year career stands at approximately 280 enemy aircraft.

美国最重要的盟国,包括英国、西德、以色列、澳大利亚、土耳其、希腊、西班牙、埃及和韩国,购买了F4战斗机,目前日本航空自卫队仍然有F4战斗机在服役。在F4五十年的职业生涯中,F4的总战绩约为280架敌机。

SS-18 “Satan”
The SS-18 missile was the heaviest intercontinental ballistic missile fielded by either side during the Cold War. A two-stage, liquid-fueled missile, the SS-18 had a range of 9,400 miles, making it capable of striking any location in the United States.

SS-18撒旦弹道导弹
SS-18导弹是冷战期间,美苏双方部署的最大的洲际弹道导弹。1分11选5_[官网首页]SS-18是一种两级液体燃料导弹,射程9400英里,能够攻击美国的任何地方。

The SS-18 carried a single large warhead with an explosive yield of eighteen to twenty-five megatons, or eighteen to twenty-five million tons of TNT. This was by far largest and most powerful thermonuclear warhead fielded by either size; the fireball alone would have almost totally consumed Washington DC and killed 2.1 million people outright.
By way of comparison, the bomb dropped on Hiroshima that killed approximately 135,000 people was about eighteen thousand tons of TNT—a peashooter by comparison.

SS-18携带一枚大型弹头,爆炸当量为18至25兆吨,或18至2500万吨TNT,这是迄今为止规模最大、威力最大的热核弹头,单是(爆炸时的)火球就可以完全摧毁华盛顿特区,直接造成210万人死亡。
1分11选5_[官网首页]作为对比,降落在广岛的原子弹,杀死了大约135000人,大约为1.8万吨TNT当量。

USS George Washington
The George Washington-class fleet ballistic missile submarines were the first ballistic missile submarines and for a time the most dangerous vehicles of any kind on earth. Each of the five submarines carried sixteen Polaris nuclear missiles, each with with a range of 1,500 miles and a yield of six hundred kilotons.

乔治·华盛顿级战略核潜艇
乔治·华盛顿级弹道导弹核潜艇,是第一种弹道导弹潜艇,一度是地球上最危险的舰艇。五艘(乔治·华盛顿级)潜艇各携带16枚北极星核导弹,射程1500英里,当量60万吨TNT。

The George Washington class was also nuclear-powered, giving them unlimited range. Indeed, the submarines were capable of staying underwater, creeping close to the Soviet unx, and then unleashing a combined 9.6 megatons of atomic firepower. This provided a second-strike capability nearly invulnerable once at sea, a powerful deterrent to surprise nuclear attack.

乔治华盛顿级潜艇也是核动力潜艇,给了他们无限的航程。实际上,这些潜艇能够呆在水下,悄悄靠近苏联,然后发射出总计960万吨的核爆炸能量。一旦(乔治华盛顿级潜艇)出海,来个突然核袭击,几乎是没法防御的,这给美国提供了第二次核打击能力。